So would you like to know some top tips for growing roses, or is there a rose in your garden that's not doing too well, and you'd like to know how to improve it? I'm here at the well-known rose gardens at Hever Castle, with head gardener, Neil Miller, to find out more about choosing and growing roses in your garden.

. It's Alexandra here from the Middlesized Garden, Youtube channel and blog. Hever Castle is very well known for its beautiful rose gardens, but what it's, actually most famous for is being the childhood home of Anne Boleyn, Henry.

The Eighth's, fated second wife, and it was also owned for a while by Anne of Cleves, his fourth wife, but the gardens, as you see them today were created at vast expense by America's richest man, William Waldorf Astor, who Bought Hever Castle in 1903 and spent a million pounds creating the garden, and that would be worth a hundred and ten million.

Today -there are colonnades. There are classical statues there's, a lake that was dug out by eight hundred men over two years and the Rose Garden is now in what would have been his enormous and beautiful Orangery.

. So tell me a bit about the Rose Garden at Hever.. Right, yes, hi there, the Rose Garden here is probably our centerpiece. It's, a walled garden and it houses at the last count just over 4,000, mainly floribundas, hybrid teas, climbers and a few other little Ramblers as well.

. So what do we need to think about when we choose a rose for our garden? Well, the first thing is: where would you like the rose to go? There are loads of different roses. You can have some very formal roses, like the hybrid teas, which is the the upright one with one big bloom.

On top, you have the old-fashioned English roses. Sometimes they look nice. They're in a herbaceous border, so it's really about starting to think about where I would like the rose in my garden, -that's, the first step and then depending on whether it's.

A shady or sunny spot, or if you want the rose, going up a pergola ..., so it's really about just looking at your garden. Thinking & # 39. I'd, like some roses in my garden. That area there looks good and then start to do some homework.

. The homework really is probably the best bit. Nowadays we can go online, but probably the best thing is go to your local nursery.. A garden center is okay, but I prefer the growers & # 39. Nurseries.

Look up online lists, (, see blog post ) and go and talk to the people who grow the plants.. A lot of people just go to the garden centers and just pick up a rose without knowing what to do, but actually talk to the staff and get a feel of the kind of rose you want.

. For example, do you want colored one? Do you want a really highly scented one? So really it's just doing a bit of homework talking to people and also what I always think & # 39. Look at the gardens around you & # 39.

If there were no roses in your area, that may be telling you something, so you just look next door down the road, so it's, also about getting the feel of your surroundings.. So do roses grow well in shade A few roses.

Do., For example, one shade loving climber that I absolutely adore is a smallish climber called Zephirine Drouhin. It's, a great one. It's, really old fashioned one. The smell on the scale is knockout, the bonus it doesn't have any thorns and it does like shade so again doing a bit of homework will help.

Most people think roses love full sun, but there are quite a few out there that do like shade and will grow on a north facing wall. Can rose, bushes grow in pots and, if so, which ones are best? Yes, again, people think about roses in their gardens.

But they grow in pots as well. A lot of people don't have large gardens. They may just have a patio.. The first thing you must consider do get a terracotta pot., The terracotta pots, breathe and absorb water.

Plastic pots. It can get very hot and the roots can actually get scorched.. You can generally grow any rose in a pot. Obviously you & # 39. Ve got to be a bit sensible. You don't want to put a climber or a rambler in a pot, but the the hybrid teas and floribundas, the slightly formal ones, work well in a pot.

, Make sure there's, lots of organic matter in them again. Roses are extremely hungry and the key thing is water, water, water., So pick the formal ones rather than the old-fashioned ones, which will tend to flop all over the place.

A hybrid tea or a floribunda would be perfect.. A hybrid tea has one stem with one big bloom on top, that is a hybrid tea and a floribunda, or they call it now. I think a multi cluster Rose has one stem on which it has a cluster of six or eight smaller flowers.

On that stem. I wouldn't, say there's, one specific one that's good for a pot. If you just do all the right housekeeping feed water and deadhead, you can't go wrong.. Can a rose be moved Again? This is a thing that lots of people ask.

. Yes, a rose can be moved if you've planted it in one position. You think really it's, outgrown that, but make sure you do it in the dormant season. So that means when the leaves have dropped off., normally between November and March ( May-Sept in Southern hemisphere.

) All roses are deciduous. So when they go to sleep during the winter, you can dig them up and then move them. But if you move them in the summer, they won't like it.. The root system of a rose is a bit bizarre.

It kind of has like a large tap root and the root is quite big and bulky and it can spread a lot. So if you & # 39, ve got a really old rose. You need to dig up lots of the new fibrous roots. When you move it.

Moving a very old rose may be a bit hit-and-miss.. Many people have got roses in their garden that they didn't plant that were planted by their predecessors. How do you find out which rose you have.? The first thing is don't jump in guns, blazing leave that rose for a year.

First of all, you just want to see how much growth it puts on. How does it flower, if it only flowers for a few weeks of the year you'll, know it's, probably a Rambler, but just have a look., Then to identify them.

You could ask on social media. There are reference books that you can use to identify roses. You can consult rose breeders and the RHS has a member service for identifying plants.. So don't just decide you don't like it, keep it for a season and see what it does.

. So why do rose leaves turn yellow or brown or get those black marks on them. There is a fungal disease called black spot. If you talk to anyone about roses, they'll, say & # 39. My roses have got black spot & # 39.

A lot of the modern roses now are actually bred, so they don't have and this genetic susceptibility to black spot. But a lot of the old roses do and it's, a fungal disease, and it really is spores that lie in the ground.

And then, during the summer, when it warms up the spores come out and start attacking the rose.. It doesn't, do the Rose any harm, but it looks horrible, so dont, compost, any of those dead leaves because the fungal disease can spread so burn them or take them down to an official.

Dump.. Yellow are usually a sign of some kind of deficiency.. Roses are very hungry plants, so we feed the roses continuously throughout the year. So if these leaves go slightly yellow it's, saying & # 39.

Hang on a minute, I need a bit of. I need a bit of tonic. I need a top-up of some food. So why hasn't? My rose flowered. The first thing you & # 39, probably haven't, been talking to it. The majority of roses flower on their new growth.

So don't prune them too late in the season, because if you start to prune them too late in the season, you're, cutting off the buds for the growth for that year.. It may be too young, although most roses will actually flower in its first or second year, or it could be that it needs feeding.

. I find that for the majority of people that ring up and say & # 39, my Rose hasn't. Flowered & # 39, it's because they're pruning them at the wrong time.. Why do some rose buds? Not open? Yes, this can be a problem.

You get the buds forming and then suddenly they just somehow go.. Sometimes it is a disease called mildew. And some of the old-fashioned English roses. They have a kind of peony-shaped flower. When the buds start open.

If the weather become as inclement ( rainy ), the water actually kind of a falls into the bud, they call it bud blast and the bud technically rots before it opens. So it's, just a question of nipping that bud off.

. So do a bit of homework on the roses that are most vulnerable. It's, the peony-shaped ones that usually go if water gets into the bud. And heat as well. If you & # 39, ve got new fleshy buds coming up and we have a very hot spell.

Those buds can actually scorch. Here at Hever. It doesn't happen a lot, but if it does happen, cut the scorched buds off and obviously the new shoots will come, and hopefully you'll get some more blooms.

. I wouldn't worry too much about that., Which plants go best with roses. Our Rose Garden here is very colorful. It's very full, so we just have roses roses and roses, but we also have our herbaceous border and there are lots of herbaceous plants.

You can plant with roses. Some people plant, some companion planting, because obviously roses do get pests and diseases, so that would be pot marigolds and lavender.. You've. Just got to look at the Rose, see how- high, it grows and then anything really will grow around the base of it.

But you & # 39. Ve got to look at the height you don't want a plant overwhelming the rose.. To me. The rose is the show person that's, the formal part, and then you can just have a carpet of anything low, growing underneath it.

. So how should I feed my roses? I'll, explain what we do here at Hever.. Once we've done the pruning at the beginning of the season. ( late winter ) we give the roses a granular feed. You can get it from most garden, centers or nurseries.

It's, just called Rose Feed you sprinkle it on, and that gives the roses a real big boost. We sprinkle it on around the roses in a circle, so it doesn't, so it doesn't touch the rose and it either rains or we just water it in and it leaches into the soil.

. We also, then put a a slow-release fertilizer. You can get them from garden centers. It looks like little hundreds and thousands that's, sprinkled on the bed and those nutrients will then break down and that will feed the rose between three and six months.

, And then we give them. Another feed of the high energy rose feed in about late summer, once the roses have had their first flush.. That just gives them another boost till the end of the year.. So how do you deal with aphids on your roses? We have a kind of a period.

Maybe two or three weeks in early summer, at Hever, when the roses are actually kind of covered in greenfly and aphids. They're, nipping away at the new sweet buds.. Here we do nothing at all. There are lots of sprays on the market and that will kill the green fly, but we want to keep lots of beneficial insects.

Here.. You want the lady birds, you want the hover flies because they eat the aphids, so we literally leave the aphids it doesn't, do any harm for two weeks and then probably after two weeks, they & # 39.

Ve all gone. You're, seeing the black birds and the thrushes walking around with big bellies. You can't, get sprays from garden, centers and nurseries, but the best thing, if you want to get rid of greenfly immediately, is to use your finger and thumb.

Or wash them off with soapy water.. The gardens at Hever Castle are open to the public and there are miniature model houses. You can hire boats for the lake there's, a maze and a water maze and a playground and lots more and it's also available for private or corporate hire such as weddings, and you can stay the night there in the Aster or Anne Boleyn wings, so i'll, leave a link in the description.

Below. We've got some wonderful gardens coming up. I'll, be talking about a dry garden in the future. We & # 39. Ve got a marvelous wildlife garden, a north-facing garden and also a long border that's, absolutely packed with interest of the kind that I thought that only professional gardeners could do.

So if you'd, like more tips, ideas and inspiration for your garden, then do subscribe to the Middlesized Garden Youtube channel and thank you for watching goodbye. So would you like to know some top tips for growing roses, or is there a rose in your garden that's not doing too well, and you'd like to know how to improve it? I'm here at the well-known rose gardens at Hever Castle, with head gardener, Neil Miller, to find out more about choosing and growing roses in your garden.

It's Alexandra here from the middle sized garden. Youtube channel and blog Eva castle is very well known for its beautiful rose gardens, but what it's, actually most famous for is being the childhood home of Anne Boleyn.

Henry. The eighth's, feted second wife, and it was also owned for a while by anne of cleves, his fourth wife, but the gardens, as you see them today were created at vast expense by America's richest man, William Waldorf Astor, who Bought Hever Castle in 1903 and spent a million pounds creating the garden, and that would be worth a hundred and ten million.

Today there are colonnades. There are classical statues there's, a lake that was dug out by eight hundred men over two years and the Rose Garden is now in what would have been his enormous and beautiful Orangery.

So tell me a bit about the Rose Garden at Hever. Right, yes, I'm hi hi there right yeah, the Rose Garden here is probably our centerpiece with a wool garden and it houses. The last count. Just over 4,000, mainly floribundas, hybrid teas, climber's and a few other little Ramblers as well thrown in.

So what do we need to think about when we choose a Rose for our garden? Well, the first thing is: where would you like the rose to go? There were loads of different roses. You can have some very formal roses like the hybrid teas or the oven, yep right, one with one big kind of bloom.

On top, you have the old-fashioned English roses that sometimes, if you & # 39, ve got a herbaceous border. They look nice. They're in a herbaceous border, so it's, really thinking to start with, where I would like the rose in my garden, that's, the first step and then depending a bit shady.

If it's sunny, if you want the rose going up the per glow and that lot so it really you're. Just looking at your garden thinking, I'd, like some roses in my garden. That area there looks good and then start to do a wee bit of homework.

The homework really is it's, probably the best bit. Nowadays we can go online or probably the best thing is go to your local nursery garden. Centers, okay, but I prefer the kind of nurseries look up online list loads and about and go and talk to the people.

You know that the go a lot of people just go to the garden centers and just pick up a rose without knowing what to do. But actually talk to the staff and just get a feel of the rose you want, you want a colored one.

Do you want a really highly scented one? So really it's, just doing a bit of homework talking to people and also what I always think look at the gardens around you. If there were no roses in their area, that may be telling you something.

So you just look next door down the road, so it's, just just getting the feel of the surroundings. So do roses grow well in shade the shade there is one that I absolutely adore: it's, a kind of a smallish kind of climber called Zephyr and ruin it's, a great one.

It's, really old fashioned. One, the smell on the scale is knockout the bonus it doesn't have any thorns and it does like shave so again doing a bit of homework. Most people think roses love full Sun, but there are quite a few out there that do like shade on the north.

North facing wall can raise bushes grow in pots and, if so, which ones are best right, yeah roses again, people think roses in your garden but pots as well. A lot of people don't have large gardens. They may just have a patio but pots.

The first thing you must look out for do get a terracotta pot, the terracotta pots breathe the water buries plastic pots, it can get very hot and the roots can actually kind of kind of a get scorched again.

Any rose in a pot, obviously you've got to be a bit sensible. You don't want to put a climber or a Rambler, but the hybrids, probably the hybrid teas and floribundas, a slightly formal ones in a pot make sure there's, lots of organic matter.

In them again. Roses are extremely hungry and the key thing is water, water, water, but the formal ones rather than the old-fashioned ones, which will tend to flop all over the place. But a hybrid tea or a floribunda would be perfect in a bottle.

One stem with one big bloom on top, that is a hybrid tea and a floribunda, or they call it now. I think a multi cluster Rose is kind of one stem and then it has probably a cluster of six or eight smallest flowers.

On that stem I wouldn't say there's, one specific one that's good for a part. If you just do all the right housekeeping feed water deadhead, you can't go wrong. Calla rose be moved again. This is a thing that lots of you looking textbooks, my good moving a rose.

Yes, a rose can be moved if you've planted it in one position. You think really it's, outgrown that, but make sure you do it in the dormant season. So that means when the leaves drop daughter. Normally, between November and March, all roses are deciduous.

So when they've go to sleep during the winter, you can dig them up and then move them, but be very err on the side of culture moving them in in the in the summer. They won't like it, but we know when they're asleep perfect.

The root system of a rose is a bit bizarre. It kind of has like a large tap root and the root is quite big and bulky and it can spread a lot. So if you & # 39, ve got a really old rose. You need lots of the new fibrous roots for it to kind of them.

Take so a very old rose, it may be a bit hit-and-miss and to actually move it. Yeah many people have got roses in their garden that they didn't plant that were planted by their predecessors. How do you find out which rose? I have the first thing: is don't jump in guns, blazing leave that Rose for a year.

First of all, you just want to see how much growth it puts on how does it flower, if only flowers, four to two weeks of the year you'll, know it's, probably a Rambler, but just have a look identify there's, plenty of kind of them on the social kind of network and reference books that you can identify lots of the Rose breeders.

You can go on up like the RHS. You can kind of ring them up or post pictures, so you can get it identified, but I wouldn't, go into I don't like roses, keep it for a season and see what it does. So why do Rose leaves turn yellow or brown or get those black marks on them.

There is a disease um it's, a fungal disease called black spots. That is the key thing. Everyone, if you talk to anyone about roses. Oh, my god, my roses got black spot. A lot of the modern roses now are actually bred that they don't have, and this connor genetic kind of a malfunction and gets black spot.

But a lot of the old roses do and it's, a fungal fungal disease, and it really is spores that lie in the ground and then during the color. When it warms up, these spores come out and start attacking the rose.

It doesn't, do the Rose any harm, but it looks horrible, so any of those dead leaves and that fool on the ground. You must not compost, because the fungal disease can spread so kind of burn them or take them down to an official dump yellow again it's, usually a sign of some kind of um deficiency, so roses are gained very, very hungry.

We kind of feed the roses continuously throughout the year, so if these leaves go slightly yellow it's. Saying hang on a minute I need a bit of. I need a bit of tonic. I need a top-up of some food so why hasn't my rose flowered first, the thing you probably haven't been talking to it, um it a lot of roses: majority of the roses kind of flower on the new growth.

So when you prune them, you don't prune them too late in the season, because if you start to prune them too late in the season, your technique uh ting off the buds for the growth pattern for that year.

Again. The other thing is: if, if you don & # 39, t have you should have flowers, a rose will actually flower in its kind of second or in its first or second year. It could just be the feeding, but majority of people that kind of ring out and say my Rose, hasn't flowered.

It's because they're pruning them at the wrong time. Why are the rose? Buds? Not open? Yeah again, this is one thing, a lot of the roses out there you get the bands forming and then suddenly the buds just go a bit.

Sometimes it is a disease from greld mildew lots of the other ones, especially some of the old-fashioned English roses. They have that the kind of loopy reshaped rose when the buds start open. If the weather become as inclement the water actually kind of a falls into the bar, they call it kind of bad blast and the bad technically rocks before it opens.

So it's, just keeping it on it. Keep you do a bit of homework on the roses, but certain roses: if they have a like the pionship ones, they do tend water gets into the bad it kind of a kind of burn flop.

Over again hate as well, you & # 39, ve got new fleshy bags coming in, and we have a very hot spell. Those busts can actually scourge here here. It doesn't happen, a lot spurts if it does happen, cut them off and obviously the new shoots will come, and hopefully you'll, get some more blooms.

I wouldn't worry too much about that which plants go best with roses. Our Rose Garden here is very colorful contemporary. It's very full, so we just have roses roses and roses, but we have our herbaceous border, so locks our basis plants.

You can kind of plant round them some people plant, some companion planting, because obviously roses do get pests and diseases kind of pop marigolds, various things other even lavender you can under plant, for you just got to look at the Rose, see how high it grows and Then anything really will grow around the base of it, but you just got to look at the height you don't kind of sum it taken away to me.

The Rose is the show person that's, the full side, and then you can just have a carpet of anything low growing underneath it. So how should I feed my roses? If I explain what we do here at Hever, we kind of once.

We've done the pruning at the beginning of the season. We give the roses a it's, a granular feed. You can get it from most garden, centers a nursery it's. Just called Rose feed you sprinkle on, and that is the heart that gives the Rose a real big boost.

We just kind of put it round the circle, not so it doesn't, so it doesn't touch the rose and in the rain, and we just water in it leeches into the soil. We also, then put a and a slow-release fertilizer, so you can get them from garden centers.

It looks like little hundreds and thousands that sprinkled on the bed and those nutrients will then break down, and that will feed the rose between three and six months and then another feed of the high energy in about July August.

Once the roses have had their first flash, they kind of calmed down a bit just to give them another boost till the end of the year. So how do you deal with aphids on your roses? We have a kind of a period, maybe if not two or three weeks at Hever, that manganese me you go in and the roses are actually kind of covered in mainly green fly and we're kind of in nipping away at the new sweet Buds we hear do nothing at all: they have a lots of spray on the market and that will kind of kill the green fly, but we want to keep lots of beneficial insects here.

You want the lady birds, you want the hover flies because they eat the aphids, so we literally leave the aphids it doesn't, do any harm for two weeks and then probably after two weeks, they & # 39. Ve all gone.

You're, see the black birds and the thrush is walking around with big bellies. You can't, get sprays, some garden, centers and nurseries, but the best thing is with the green fly, if your thumb and finger or bit of soapy water helps the gardens at Hever Castle are open to the public and there are miniature model houses.

You can hire boats for the lake there's, a maze and a water maze and playground and lots more and it's also available for private or corporate hire such as weddings, and you can stay the night there in the astro Amber lynn wings, so i'll.

Leave a link in the description below we & # 39. Ve got some wonderful gardens. Coming up. I'm talking about a dry garden in the future. We & # 39. Ve got a marvelous wildlife garden, a north-facing garden and also a long border that's, absolutely packed with interest of the kind that i only thought that professional gardeners could do.

So if you'd, like more tips, ideas and inspiration for your garden, then do subscribe to the middle size garden youtube channel and thank you for watching goodbye.

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